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Biosecurity

To view our new Disease Incident Map, click here

For a copy of the Alberta Pork Biosecurity Risk Assessment, click below:

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For a copy of the Alberta Pork Bicontainment plan. click below:

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Reportable Diseases are those which by law must be reported to the authorities, specifically the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). If you have pigs which show disease symptoms and you do not recognize the disease from previous experience, always consult the herd veterinarian. Some of the Reportable Diseases listed and described below, such as Anthrax and Rabies occasionally occur in Canada , although very few pig producers will have seen them. The others have either never been present in the country or have not been seen for a very long time, for example, the last case of Classical Swine Fever (Hog Cholera) was in 1962. This means that many veterinarians have not seen any of the diseases in the list.

Diseases which are not present in Canada but are prevalent in some other parts of the world are often called “Foreign Animal Diseases” (FAD) or “exotic” diseases. The CFIA has policies and procedures in place to prevent FAD from entering the country, including restrictions of imports of live animals and animal products. It also carries out monitoring and surveillance relating to FAD.

Prompt identification of Reportable Diseases is essential to minimize their impact on the livestock industry should a case occur. The severity of the Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak in Britain which started at the end of 2000 was directly related to the failure of a hog producer to recognize the disease and notify the relevant authorities. As a result the FMD had spread widely within the country before it was identified. The consequences of the same thing happening in Canada would be catastrophic. Therefore pig producers should familiarize themselves with the main characteristics of Reportable Diseases and always be vigilant for animals exhibiting unusual symptoms. If there is any doubt, always ask your veterinarian.

 

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